D3.js JavaScript Tutorial

What is D3.js?

D3.js is a powerful JavaScript library for creating custom data visualizations in the web browser using SVG, HTML, and CSS.It is highly customizable, has strong community support with tutorials, plugins, extensions, and more. It excells in its ability to dynamically integrate data and is ideal for a real-time use case. Generally, D3.js has a steep learning curve, with minimal built-in templates. It is most widely used by individuals who have a strong technical background and who need a high-level of customizability

What is Javascript?

Javascript is the base language by which people build charts and websites for the web. There are many additional frameworks that are built on top of Javascript. Learning Javascript is an absolute must for modern web development, particularly when it comes to using a charting library.

D3.js Javascript Code Example

Below is a simple code example of using d3.js to make a bar chart.

<!DOCTYPE html>



   <title>D3.js Code Example</title>

   <script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v6.min.js"></script>



<h2>D3.js JavaScript Code Example</h2>

<p>This is a simple example to illustrate how to create a basic bar chart using D3.js.</p>

<div id="chart"></div>


// Sample data

var dataset = [ 80, 100, 56, 120, 180, 30, 40, 120, 160 ];

// Set dimensions and margins for the chart

var svgWidth = 500, svgHeight = 300, barPadding = 5;

var barWidth = (svgWidth / dataset.length);

// Create SVG element

var svg = d3.select('svg')

   .attr("width", svgWidth)

   .attr("height", svgHeight);

// Bind data and create bars





  .attr("y", function(d) {

      return svgHeight - d


  .attr("height", function(d) {

      return d;


  .attr("width", barWidth - barPadding)

  .attr("transform", function (d, i) {

      var translate = [barWidth * i, 0];

      return "translate("+ translate +")";






- Data Initialization: The dataset array contains the values that we intend to display as bars in our bar chart.

- SVG Container: We create an SVG container within the body where our chart will be drawn.

- Bar Creation: We use D3.js' `selectAll()` to select all `rect` elements, then use `data()` to bind the dataset to each rectangle. `enter().append("rect")` is used to append the actual `rect` elements for each data point.

- Attributes Setup: Several attributes are set for each bar, including `y` (position of bar on the Y-axis), `height` (size of the bar), `width`, and `transform` for positioning on the X-axis.

This example represents a very basic approach to creating a bar chart with D3.js and demonstrates the library's power and versatility in manipulating the DOM based on data.

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