D3.js React Tutorial

What is D3.js?

D3.js is a powerful JavaScript library for creating custom data visualizations in the web browser using SVG, HTML, and CSS.It is highly customizable, has strong community support with tutorials, plugins, extensions, and more. It excells in its ability to dynamically integrate data and is ideal for a real-time use case. Generally, D3.js has a steep learning curve, with minimal built-in templates. It is most widely used by individuals who have a strong technical background and who need a high-level of customizability

What is React?

React is a popular JavaScript library for building user interfaces, particularly single-page applications where dynamic content needs to be updated without reloading the page. Developed by Facebook (now Meta Platforms), React has grown in popularity due to its simplicity, efficiency, and scalability. It allows developers to build large web applications that can change data without reloading the page, offering a responsive and fluid user experience. React has a virtual DOM for faster manipulation, a component based architecture, and a great community for support. It is efficient, flexible, and widely used in the market.

D3.js React Code Example

In this example, we will demonstrate how to use D3.js, a powerful data visualization library, within a React application to create a simple bar chart. We'll use SVG to draw our chart. This example assumes you have a basic understanding of React and D3.js.

Setting Up

First, ensure you have a React environment set up. You also need to install D3.js in your project:

npm install d3

Creating a BarChart Component

We will create a BarChart component that takes data as a prop and renders a bar chart.

import React, { useRef, useEffect } from 'react';
import * as d3 from 'd3';

const BarChart = ({ data }) => {
 const d3Container = useRef(null);

 useEffect(() => {
   if (data && d3Container.current) {
     const svg = d3.select(d3Container.current);
     const margin = { top: 20, right: 20, bottom: 30, left: 40 };
     const width = +svg.attr('width') - margin.left - margin.right;
     const height = +svg.attr('height') - margin.top - margin.bottom;
     const g = svg.append('g').attr('transform', 'translate(' + margin.left + ',' + margin.top + ')');

     const x = d3.scaleBand().rangeRound([0, width]).padding(0.1);
     const y = d3.scaleLinear().rangeRound([height, 0]);

     x.domain(data.map((d) => d.letter));
     y.domain([0, d3.max(data, (d) => d.frequency)]);

       .attr('class', 'axis axis--x')
       .attr('transform', 'translate(0,' + height + ')')

       .attr('class', 'axis axis--y')
       .call(d3.axisLeft(y).ticks(10, '%'))
       .attr('transform', 'rotate(-90)')
       .attr('y', 6)
       .attr('dy', '0.71em')
       .attr('text-anchor', 'end')

       .attr('class', 'bar')
       .attr('x', (d) => x(d.letter))
       .attr('y', (d) => y(d.frequency))
       .attr('width', x.bandwidth())
       .attr('height', (d) => height - y(d.frequency));
 }, [data]); // Redraw chart if data changes

 return (

export default BarChart;

Using the BarChart Component

To use the BarChart component, simply pass in the data you wish to visualize when invoking the component in your application.

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import BarChart from './BarChart';

const data = [
 { letter: 'A', frequency: 0.08167 },
 { letter: 'B', frequency: 0.01492 },
 // Add more data as needed

 <BarChart data={data} />,

And there you have it, a simple way to integrate D3.js with React to create dynamic data visualizations.

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